Technology is always updating and never static. With the constant change in technology trends every year, here are the top ten technology trends you should definitely know for 2020:
- Artificial Intelligence: Work earlier done by humans, is now automated exploiting Artificial Intelligence. Robots, drones, autonomous vehicles, and all other autonomous things use AI to function. Beyond the automation provided by rigid programming models, advanced behaviours that interact more naturally with their surroundings is delivered exploiting AI at large.
- 5G Technology: The fifth-generation wireless technology for the digital cellular network would affect the entire world with its lightning-fast internet connection, this year. With all the additional benefits of 5G apart from its high speed are higher capacity and lower latency. Benefits as such are sure to make 5G one of the major technological trends that 2020 and the years ahead are likely to observe.
Around the world, new networks will continue to light up, devices including the ones with advanced 5G bandwidth cameras will be available widely, and businesses will continue to show new industrial, automotive, medical and educational use cases. Latest estimates suggest that completely integrated 5G networks will start to reach the market and offer unimaginable coverage rates in 2020.
- IoT: Most products or services are designed based on WiFi connectivity, meaning they can be connected to the Internet, and hence to each other. IoT or Internet of things has enabled devices, home appliances, cars, and much more to connect through internet by the exchange of data. The number of IoT devices reach being 8.4 billion in 2017 to its expected reach of 30 billion devices in 2020, IoT has been flourishing over the years.
We are already benefitting ourselves individually from the use of IoT by using remote-controlled door locks from afar, preheating ovens, and operating AC’s while we are not even at home. Businesses too can be largely benefitted from IoT as it enables better safety, efficiency, predictive maintenance, speed up medical care, improve customer service, and a lot more.
- Cyber Security: With technology evolving constantly, cybersecurity measures are evolving too. It is because, with every up-gradation of technology, there are security threats. With hackers getting their hands over every new technology and with malicious intent trying to access data illegally, cybersecurity is a constant threat. Hence, cybersecurity is a never-ending technology in-trend as long as there are these many intelligent hackers. Cybersecurity jobs growing three times faster than any other tech jobs is proof of the dominant need for cybersecurity professionals.
- Augmented Analytics: Eliminating the need for professional data scientists in many situations, augmented analytics automates the process of data preparation, insight generation, and insight visualization. Mainstream adoption of augmented analytics capabilities will advance as a key feature of data preparation, data management, modern analytics, business process management, process mining, and data science platforms.
From augmented analytics, the automated insights will also be embedded in enterprise applications like those of finance, HR, marketing, sales, customer service, procurement, and asset management departments. It is because; it will help to optimize the decisions and actions of all employees within their context, not just those of analysts and data scientists.
- Edge Computing: A computing topology in which collecting content, processing information, and delivering are closely placed to the sources, repositories, and a consumer of the information is called edge computing. The need for IoT systems to deliver disconnected or distributed capabilities into the embedded IoT world gave birth to Edge Computing. Edge computing allows some level of autonomy on the edge devices and also ensures a reduction in latency. By extending the role of devices as the basis for smart spaces, edge computing will move key applications and services closer to the people and the devices that use them.
- Blockchain: Blockchain offers security that is useful in a lot of other ways than just being useful in relation to cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin. Put in simplest of terms, blockchain is the data one cannot take away from or change but can only add to. The term “chain”, therefore, because a chain of data is created. What makes it so secure is not being able to change the previous blocks. Blockchains being consensus-driven, no one entity can take control of the data. A trusted third-party to oversee or validate transactions is not needed with blockchain.
- Voice Technology: Despite undergoing advances, we have seen in the past that voice technology like Siri, Alexa, and others have always fallen short of human standards or become useful in everyday life. As something that is not easily translated into digital technology, voice is a natural and free-flowing medium. In the near future, muddling the line between the interface between human technology, voice commands, and voice assistants will be more useful in our everyday lives. Voice technology will be pushed to greater technical significance as the underlying technology of advances in sectors like AI, speech recognition, machine learning.
- Robotic Process Automation: Robotic Process Automation or RPA is the technology that automates functions earlier performed by humans, just like AI and Machine Learning. It is the software that automates business processes like interpreting applications, processing transactions, dealing with data, and even replying to emails. It is functional in optimizing business by automating a repetitive task, earlier done by humans. To see automation at its height is no longer a surprise with numerous emerging technologies like cloud computing, artificial intelligence, big data, and robotics heading for high-scale growth.
- Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality: While Augmented Reality (AU) enhances the environment, Virtual Reality (VR) improves the user’s experience. Although there are Google, Samsung, and Oculus, as major players in the Virtual Reality market, there are a lot of start-ups rising and recruiting with a growth in demand for VR and AR skills professionals. AR and VR have immense potential in the sphere of training and education, marketing and entertainment, and even rehabilitation after an injury. Both AR and VR could be used to enhance theme parks and marketing, train doctors to do surgery, offer a deeper experience to museum-goers, and a lot more.